ISO 22000:2018 Standards

Learn about ISO 22000 - What is it, Who needs it, Lead Auditor Course & more.

What is ISO 22000:2018 Standard?

ISO 22000 Standard specifies food safety requirements for safe food. It basically enables an organization to provide safe food by preventing food borne illness and injuries. In addition, it enhances compliance with applicable food safety (FS) statutory/regulatory requirements. 

iso 22000

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Why is ISO 22000 important?

Meeting the requirements of the ISO 22000 standard can support organizations that are striving for a culture of proactive, continual improvement, and can drive an organization’s effectiveness and efficiency in the realization of the highest levels of food safety performance. It reflects the latest thinking and best practices in food safety management.

Developing and implementing an food safety management framework based on the ISO 22000 standard demonstrates to internal and external interested parties (e.g. workers, regulators, customers, investors, insurers) that the organization manages its risks and performance in a very effective and efficient manner.

Recognized globally, the ISO 22000 management standard will offer organizations a trustworthy framework enabling consistency in FS management practices. It aligns with other ISO management standards such as ISO 9001ISO 14001 and ISO 31000, and can contribute to an organization’s development of a coherent set of management practices across all facets of its operation. 

iso 22000 pdca

Who needs to be involved?

Food safety management is everyone’s business. It encompasses everyone in an organization, from the highest level down; including temporary as well as permanent workers; and visitors and neighbours. It also has to be across all departments and divisions in an organization, to ensure that they develop collaborative and engaging relationships between their functions.

How is ISO 22000 certification achieved for an organization?

ISO 22000:2018 remote/face to face certification can be achieved through gap analysis, strategic plan, process identification, food safety hazards identification and risk assessment, document development, FSMS training, implementation, performance evaluation and external registrar auditing. Online certification is almost as effective as face to face.

What does getting certified means?

An organization receives an ISO 22000:2018 certificate from the ISO Registrar following successfully passing stage 1 and stage 2 audits. An auditor receives ISO 22000:2018 certificate following successful acceptance of his/her auditor application (auditor).

How has the structure of the standard changed?

The structure has been changed to align with the common 10-clause high level structure developed by ISO to ensure greater harmonization among its many different management system standards.  The new revision to ISO 22000 will also adopt this same structure, which is built around the PDCA (Plan-Do-Check-Act) sequence. All ISO management system standards are now required to adopt this structure. This will make it easier for organizations to address the requirements of more than one ISO Management System Standard within a single, integrated system.

How have the documentation requirements changed?

Specific documented procedures are no longer mentioned; it is the responsibility of the organization to maintain documented information to support the operation of its processes and to retain the documented information necessary to have confidence that the processes are being carried out as planned. The extent of the documentation that is needed will depend on the business context.

Why has management review been moved to performance evaluation? (9.3) The sequence of the new version of ISO 45001 is based on the Plan, Do, Check, Act cycle and so, in order to evaluate quality management system performance, it makes sense for management review to follow the measurement of the system performance.

The title of management representative has been removed. How is the performance of the system reported to top management? Although the prescriptive title of a management representative has been deleted, it is up to top management to ensure that the roles and responsibilities are assigned for reporting on the performance of the OHSMS. Some organizations might find it convenient to maintain their current structure, with a single person carrying out this role. Others might take advantage of the additional flexibility to consider other structures depending on their organizational context.

What is risk-based thinking and why has it been introduced into the standard?

The phrase risk-based thinking is used to describe the way in which ISO 22000:2018 addresses the question of risk. The concept of risk has always been implicit in ISO 22000, by requiring the organization to plan its processes and manage its business to avoid undesirable results. Organizations have typically done this by putting greater emphasis on planning and controlling processes that have the biggest impact on the quality of the food they provide. The way in which organizations manage risk varies depending on their business context (e.g. the criticality of the products and services being provided, complexity of the processes, and the potential consequences of failure).

Become an ISO 22000 Certified Auditor/ Lead Auditor

Certification to ISO 22000:2018 can be achieved through the following process:

  • Complete ISO 22000:2018 Certified Auditor/Certified Lead Auditor Course/Training.
  • Gain required minimum 5 years FSMS experience.
  • Gain required minimum ISO 22000:2018 auditing experience of 20 audit days for Auditor and additional 15 days as lead auditor for Lead Auditor application.
  • Have your experience endorsed by your Supervisor/Manager.
  • Apply to Auditor Certification body such as Exemplar Global.

Why do you need requirements course/ training prior to auditor course or training?

The requirements course provides understanding of requirements of ISO 22000:2018 Standard which is used as criteria or a benchmark for auditing. Without the knowledge and understanding of the standard, the auditor/lead auditor will not be able to perform an effective and efficient audit.

JSA can help you become a Lead Auditor

ISO 22000:2018 Auditor Certification/Lead Auditor certification requires completion of 36- hour course provided by a Certified Training Provider and successful demonstration of FSMS experience and auditing experience with Auditor Certifying Organization such as Exemplar Global or Individual FSMS Registrar. Jack Sekhon and Associates is ISO 22000:2018 FSMS Training Provider certified by Exemplar Global under TPECS scheme. Getting Auditor/ Lead Auditor certification empowers you with skillsets for ISO 22000:2018 Management System excellence and robust company performance. You can either work as an internal auditor for your organization or as an external auditor for a Registrar. Irrespective of internal/external auditor option, certified auditors earn attractive compensation for their work. In addition, they earn higher potential for promotion being instrumental to on-going growth, due-diligence and efficiencies of the organization as an ISO 22000:2018 auditor/Lead Auditor. Get certified today!

Consult JSA today to get started!

Frequently Asked Questions

Food safety management systems — Requirements for any organization in the food chain, YES. This standard was last reviewed and confirmed in 2023. Therefore, this version remains current.

Key food safety clauses include:

Hazards are identified as part of the hazard analysis and then evaluated on their likelihood to occur and the severity at which it could cause illness or injury. All hazards are assessed and categorized into three groups:

  • Biological hazards include bacteria, parasites, fungi and viruses.
  • Chemical hazards are harmful substances such as pesticides or machine oils.
  • Physical hazards are objects which contaminate your foods such as pieces of glass or metal, toothpicks, jewelry or hair.
  • Campylobacteriosis (Campylobacter)
  • Cryptosporidiosis (Cryptosporidium)
  • Cyclosporiasis (Cyclospora spp.)
  • Escherichia coli O157:H7 Infection (E. …
  • Giardiasis (Giardia)
  • Listeriosis (Listeria monocytogenes)
  • Norovirus Infection (aka Norwalk virus, calicivirus, viral gastroenteritis)
  • ISO 22000:2018-Food safety management systems — Requirements for any organization in the food chain.
  • ISO/TS 22002-1:2009 Prerequisite programmes on food safety — Part 1: Food manufacturing.
  • ISO/TS 22002-2:2013 Prerequisite programmes on food safety — Part 2: Catering.
  • ISO/TS 22002-3:2011 Prerequisite programmes on food safety — Part 3: Farming.
  • ISO/TS 22002-4:2013 Prerequisite programmes on food safety — Part 4: Food packaging manufacturing.

ISO 22000 Resources

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  • What is FSMS? – Learn about it’s purpose, benefits, how to implement it & more.
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